Part 1 The birth of the Saffron trade in the Meditteranean The history of Saffron goes back many thousands of years. In caves in what is now Iraq archeologists discovered that cave dwellers have used the powerful orange colour of the Saffron stigma as component of their paint. The first images of Crocus sativus Saffron flowers we know of have been found on earthenware pots in Minoan palaces. The oldest, well-known image can be seen on a pot that was made around 2000 – 1800 BC, so 3800 to 4000 years ago.
rescoes in the Minoan palaces of Knossos on the island of Crete and Akrotiri on the island of Santorini North of Crete date from around 1650 BC. We see a goddess who is offered a sacrifice of the new harvest. Several women are harvesting Saffron on other mural paintings. Another woman uses Saffron to color her lips, possibly in preparation for a religious ritual.
For more on the history of saffron, press this link of https://www.crocussativus.eu/en/history-of-saffron